Nauroz is the oldest of the Iranian traditions. It marks the end of one year and beginning of a new one. The festival of Nauroz is an embodiment of wealth, customs and ancient rights for the Persians. This is the festival which is not confined to a single religious group. It is the festival which shows the continuity of the Persian culture which has endured so many hardships.
Do you know: The celebrations of Nauroz in Iran lasts for 13 days. (Source: Wikipedia)
This festival is always celebrated on the first day of spring. This is done so that there is harmony between the new day of the year and rebirth of nature; as spring is the season of rebirth. It is a very ancient festival and as far as the record can be traced it has always been a celebration of early spring. It is celebrated when the sun begins to regain its strength and overcomes the coldness of winter season.
Nauroz is a combination of two words. The word ‘Nau’ means new and ‘Roz’ mean day, the word literally translated as ‘New Day’. The origin of this festival is hard to find as it is very ancient but an important thing to know about it is that the story of its origin is rooted in the Zoroastrianism. Zoroastrianism is a very old Persian religion. It is older than Christianity and Islam. After so many years, this festival is still a very beloved one in the Persian culture.
Before the Soviet Union collapsed, this festival was officially celebrated only in Iran. As the Central Asian countries gained freedom from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), they also declared Nauroz a national holiday. On 2nd October 2009, it was also officially registered on the UNESCO list of Cultural Heritage and Humanity.
Apart from Iran, Nauroz is a public holiday in Iraq, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Albania, Uzbekistan, Kosovo, and Kyrgyzstan. The Canadian Parliament also passed a bill on March 30th, 2009 to add it to the national calendar of Canada.
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