If we look across the world, corruption seems to be the major obstacle of all, especially in third world countries like Pakistan. Corruption damages the social and institutional fabric of the country, it needs to be tackled with sincerity, and a genuine solution is needed to mitigate its effects. It distorts markets and competition to bring about cynicism among the citizens, eroding the rule of law, damages the government legitimacy and gnaws away the integrity of the public sector. It can be eradicated easily following the stakes of powerful bureaucrats and corrupt politicians. The government of Pakistan has to be open to solutions to tackle the growing monster of corruption. At the broad level, corruption in Pakistan is often categorized into two forms as:
- Grand Corruption: Grand corruption takes place at the top levels of the public sphere and management where policies and rules are formulated and exclusive decisions about the economic system are made. It can be considered as political corruption in political campaigns and political parties.
- Petty Corruption: Petty corruption is a kind of bribery, which is taken by the official for implementing existing laws, rules and regulation or in abuse of power. This kind of corruption is mostly promoted by the police and traffic department on the obvious note. Petty corruption not only costs in terms of money, it also damages the public trust and citizen’s willingness to participate in the welfare of the societies, which often results in the organized crime as well as in conflict or war.
Here are ten steps that a government should take to tackle the growing corruption:
1. New Paradigms of Governance
Introducing the new paradigm of governance may help lowering different types of political and economic corruption in Pakistan. It is essential to make the appropriate governance structures and procedures so that the temptation of corruption may be removed, because it will thrive where there is inadequate and ineffective control, the lack of policing, detection and prosecution.
2. Make The System Transparent/Open in Favor of Public Interest
An open and transparent system enables the citizens to scrutinize government activities and allows them to debate on the merits of the public policies. Rules and laws should be made without fear and favor of any higher authority.
3. Accountability and Transparency in Judiciary System
The judiciary is not seen independent and is considered to be the shielding force against the corrupt political system from prosecution. Governance needs to be strengthened to control laws and regulations. If the judiciary itself is corrupt, the problem is compounded, because law will have no value if it is not enforced. Judiciary must follow the set of preventive tools and code of conduct for the development of a transparent system. Police and prosecution should be answerable for their accountability towards the governance.
Do you know: In 2014, Pakistan scored 126 out of 174 on the Corruption Perceptions Index published by the Transparency International. (Source: Transparency International)
4. Balancing of Power Across Executive Private Sector
In private sector, if the implemented declaration, monitoring of assets and protection of shareholders interests is being conducted in a transparent way (through emphasizing and strengthening the code of conduct and the code of ethics for managers) a huge contribution towards the resolution of corruption from the private sector will be made.
5.Raising Check and Balance in Custom
Custom review procedures should be sped up to block all the chances of corruption. Establishing complaints bureau will promote the tradition of having a strong eye on the affairs of customs.
6. Liberal and Contemporary Laws to Increase the Wages of Civil Servants
Increasing the wages of a civil servant as they could meet the expenses will help reduce corruption of earning money through evil sources. According to the Rose-Ackerman proposal against corruption, reward and punishment can be the driven forces for reforms in the system. Corruption can be responded in two ways;
- To increase the benefits of being honest.
- Paying the cost of being corrupt.
7. Public Empowerment to Monitor the State Civil Society
Through workshops and campaigns against corruption can be the strong point to tackle the corruption in Pakistan. The awareness of citizen makes the great difference in the development of a country.
8. Liberation of Media, Broadcasting
Liberation of broadcasting legislate shapes the way up in the context of reforms if the country has an active civil society and a culture of participation. Through this way, public can access the information in ministries and parliament; increase the number of weekly sessions to explain the use of all assets.
9. Removing the Illicit Enrichment in the Government Sectors
Illicit enrichment should be banned; Government officials should explain their wealth in relation to their income. There should not be a set of imperatives or incentives to encourage any official or civil person to engage in the corrupt transaction.
10. Prohibition of Bribery and Extortion
Bribery and extortion can be removed through the written rules and awareness about the adoption of the anti-corruption law.
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