Since, Pakistan has strong roots in history; therefore, today we covers few historic buildings which survived centuries, and in this second part I will reveal more of such historic establishments.
Lahore Museum established in 1894, holds old paintings, statues of Buddha, historic jewelry pieces, pottery, textiles, and contains valuable historic specimens of Mughal and Sikh doorways, it’s one of the major attractions of tourist from around the globe in Lahore, 250,000 visitors were registered there in 2005.
Noor Mehal, Bahawalpur
Nawab Sadiq Khan constructed Noor Mehal for his beloved wife in 1872, however, she turned down when she saw the adjoining graveyard from her balcony and only stayed there for a night, and therefore, during the reign of Nawab Sadiq it was left unused, its architecture is like an Italian Chateau on neoclassical lines.
Darbar Mehal, Bahawalpur
Another masterpiece of Bahawalpur from the time of Nawabs is Darbar Mehal, it was established for the wives of Nawabs in 1905, and has four beautiful domes connected together via corridors, it is built out of red bricks in the style of Lahore fort. From last 2 decades it is restricted for civilians to serve Pakistan Army exclusively.
Anarkali Tomb, Lahore
Anarkali was executed in 1599, for having illicit love affair with Prince Saleem, she belonged from Akbar’s Harem, after her death Jahangir ordered the construction of her tomb which was finalized in 1615, at the present day it is used as Library for Punjab office records.
Data Darbar Complex, Lahore
The antiquated shrines of South Asia includes Data Darbar, it is said that Abul Hassan Hajveri (Data Ganj baksh) lived there in 11th century, it is preserved from centuries and also a biggest charm of tourists, on various special occasion it is illuminated with lights and Sufi music, serving dinner to hundreds.
Rohtas Fort, Jhelum
An Afghan King Sher Shah Suri built this fort in 16th century to crush the local tribes of Potohar who rebelled against Sur Dynasty, it also consists of ancient Shahi Mosque with sophisticated craved gates; moreover, glazed tiles and Calligraphic inscriptions are its claim to fame.
Baltit Fort, Hunza Valley
It was originally founded in 1st CE, however in 16th century it was renovated by a master craftsman Baltit who was brought by Princess of Baltistan as a part of her Dowry, it has magnificent historic buildings used for the residence of the Mirs of Hunza. Baltit Fort has also won three international heritage awards.
Frere Hall, Karachi
Established during the British Colonial Era in the honor of Sir Henry Bartle Edward Frere, who also served for the economic development of Sind, it is a major attraction of tourists, visitors can also buy old out-of-print books from the book bazar every Sunday.It contains a large public library known as Liaquat National Library. The upper floor of the Frere Hall is dedicated to Sadequain, a world’s famous Pakistani calligrapher and painter.
Quaid-e-Azam Residence or Wazir Mansion is an ancient Family house in Kharadar district of Karachi established in 1866, it was the birth place of Quaid-e-Azam and now serves as a museum.
Tomb of Jahangir, Lahore
After the death of Jahangir in 1627, his son Shah Jehan commanded to establish a Mausoleum in his honor, it is a single floor building with massive masonry and stone gateways, one enclosure leads to another on western side which covers the entire beautiful site of garden in front of Mausoleum, corridors are decorated with alluring mosaic work of flowers and verses of Quran.
Pakistan owns few of the oldest sites of the world and has also won various awards for their exceptional architecture and appeal; however, most of them are in need of immediate renovation; Therefore, Government of Pakistan should put efforts to prevent our valuable historic assets from being destroyed.Also tourism industry should be given serious attention by the government in order to improve our economy.
Historic buildings in Pakistan that survived more than a century – Part I
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